Directory : Water Directory 2014
WATER DIRECTORY 2014 AUSTRALIAN WATER INFORMATION AND STATISTICS Reuse or Recycled Water Reuse water is waste, storm or drainage water that has been used again by industries or households without going back to the environment. Every litre of reuse water that is used is one litre that does not need to be taken directly from river systems or dams. Reuse or recycled water is considered an important option for securing water supply into the future. Use and acceptance of recycled water in the community and especially by industry is increasing annually (speci c data available in following pages). If the increase in the usage of reuse water continues, it will lessen the pressure on scarce freshwater sources. Thus, reuse or recycled water is an important option for securing water supply into the future and complements demand management strategies, stormwater harvesting and desalination, especially in urban areas. There is increasing investment in infrastructure related to the supply of reuse water, and as such there is considerable interest in the volumes of reuse water supplied and used. Reuse or recycled water is provided for purposes including: agricultural irrigation; 'third pipe' systems in new urban developments; watering of community sports grounds and parks; and supply to industry. In addition, water management authorities are interested in whether reuse water is reducing the demand for distributed water or self-extracted water. The use of recycled water for drinking and other purposes is a fact of life for many communities around the world. Wherever towns draw their supplies from rivers, most of them will be using some recycled water that has been discharged by upstream regions. Some regions in Australia are now considering taking the next step by deliberately using recycled water to supplement drinking water supplies under carefully controlled conditions (this is called Planned Indirect Potable Reuse). Of all sectors, householders paid the most for distributed and reuse water in 2011--2012 at $2.72/KL on an Australia-wide basis. This represents an increase in cost from $2.44/KL (2010--2011) and $2.10/KL (2009--2010). The Mining sector were next highest payers at $2.02/KL (2011--2012) and also paid more than in 2010-- 2011 ($1.82/KL) and in 2009--2010 ($1.64/KL). The only industry sector to record a decline in the cost of distributed and reuse water was Agriculture. The sector paid $0.14/KL for water used in 2010--2011 and 2009--2010, but saw costs fall to $0.09/KL in 2011--2012, re ecting the increased volume available for physical use of water to grow more to increase gross returns. Government sectors paid $0.00/KL used.
Water Directory 2015
Water Directory 2013